Basic Facts About Biscayne National Park

The largest marine park of the United States National Parks, Biscayne National Park is located in South Florida. The park protects several of the Florida Keys, part of the Biscayne Bay, coral reefs, mangrove shorelines, and more. This beautiful national park offers plenty of water recreation activities and is a wonderful place to simply relax.


During the boom of industrialism in the 1950s, many Americans were moving to Florida and vacationing in the Florida Keys. There were plans to turn this serene natural area into the bustling City of Islandia, as well as a seaport and a jetport. In an effort to protect the land and its resources from development, Biscayne Bay became a national monument in 1968, with the intention of preserving as many of the undeveloped Florida Keys as possible. In 1974, more lands were added to the monument and in 1980 Biscayne finally became a recognized national park. Florida congressman Dante Fascell is largely credited with preserving the region, and President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the bill making Biscayne a national park in 1968.


Biscayne National Park is composed of several different ecosystems. These include mangrove forests along the shoreline of the mainland, the southern portion of Biscayne Bay, the Florida Keys’ northernmost islands, and part of one of the largest coral reefs in the world. The park is characterized by crystal clear waters, a wealth of marine life, seabirds, and subtropical vegetation. The park’s subtropical climate ensures warm sunny days year round with occasional thunderstorms and hurricanes. There are a variety of trails to explore on the mainland and the islands, and there are plenty of beaches for visitors to enjoy.