Basic Facts About Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Great Smoky Mountains National Park is one of the most beautiful national parks in the country. The park is rife with fascinating history dating back to well before the establishment of the United States. From the original American settlers to the native Indian tribes that once dominated the area, there is much to discover in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.


Great Smoky Mountains National Park was established in 1934, and was dedicated by  President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940. After a long process involving a variety of expensive land purchases beginning in 1926 and totalling $11 million, this fantastically popular national park came into being. The main benefactor for the purchase of land was the Rockefeller family, who are honored today by a memorial in the park’s Newfound Gap.

The land the park is situated on was home to early American settlers as well as Native American tribes who lived there both before and during the American settlement.


The majority of Great Smoky Mountains National Park is forested, encompassing a variety of native trees and nearly 6,000 flowering plant species. The landscape is mountainous, with elevations ranging from 800 feet to 6,643 feet. Gorgeous fall foliage is visible during the autumn months, and rain and snowfall is not uncommon throughout varying points in the year. The wildlife in this park is bountiful, with a wide variety of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, and amphibians. Bears, snakes, and elk are some of the more noteworthy animals inhabiting the park.