Basic Facts About Hot Springs National Park

Situated in central Arkansas alongside the city of Hot Springs, Hot Springs National Park is home to 47 natural thermal springs and today protects a number of historic bathhouses. The smallest national park in America, Hot Springs is also the hometown of former President Bill Clinton. 


The first officially protected reservation in the United States, Congress deemed the region Hot Springs Reservation in 1832. In 1921, the park was reestablished and renamed as Hot Springs National Park. The park preserves 47 hot springs as well as the historic “Bathhouse Row”, a National Historic Landmark District which includes eight formerly luxurious bathhouses. 

For centuries, the natural thermal waters of these springs have been used to heal ailments and unwind. In the 1800s and early 1900s, Hot Springs National Park saw many visitors who came for the healing treatments of the waters. As modern medicine advanced, many of the bathhouses closed and were preserved as museums. 


As the name suggests, Hot Springs National Park is filled with an abundance of naturally flowing thermal hot and cold water springs. The surrounding areas boast lush, mountainous terrain sprinkled with creeks and valleys. The park is brimming with wildflowers, shrubs, as well as oak, hickory, and pine trees.